Reading Disabilities

Persons certified by competent authority as having a reading disability resulting from organic dysfunction and of sufficient severity to prevent their reading printed material in a normal manner.


Following instructions given by another person, or complying with someone’s mand or request. For example, the speaker says pick up the ball and the listener picks up the ball. There is no talking by the listener.

Receptive Language

The ability to understand or comprehend language.

Recording for the Blind and Dyslexic (RFB&D)

Recording for the Blind and Dyslexic (RFB&D) is an accessible audiobook library for students with disabilities.

Recreation or Recreational Activities

Includes support in leisure and recreation services.

Refreshable Braille

Refreshable braille is an electromechanical device that renders braille with tiny, independently controlled pins used to represent the state of dots in braille cells.

Refreshable Braille Display

A computer controlled electronic device that translates information displayed on the computer screen into Braille in the form of electronically driven plastic pins that pop up to form Braille characters.

Rehabilitation Counseling Services

Services for a student with a disability that focus specifically on career development, employment preparation, achieving independence, and integration in the workplace and community.


A consequence that results in maintaining or increasing the future occurrence of the behavior it follows. For example, a student’s screaming behavior allows her to get out of doing work, so she screams again next time she is asked to do work, under the condition that she doesn’t want to do work (negative reinforcement). Or, a student gets attention or praise from the teacher for completing his work, so he does the work next time, under the condition that he wants the teacher’s attention (positive reinforcement).

Related Services

Services that help a student benefit from his or her special education programs. Special transportation, speech therapy, counseling, school health services, and physical therapy are examples of related services. An inclusive list and full definitions are in Part 300 of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA ’97).

Research Study

A research study is a carefully planned series of activities that will result in data to help make decisions. Research is sanctioned by an entity that will stand by the processes and results of the findings. Confidentiality is always strictly maintained to protect the identity of the people (students) involved as the subjects of the study.

Residential Treatment Facility (RTF)

This is a residential mental health service that must be prescribed by a doctor. The service provides mental health support in a campus or community setting, with professionally trained staff available 24 hours per day, seven days a week. Children may or may not be in the custody of the Office of Children and Youth. This service is funded through insurance based on Medical Necessity Criteria (MNC) and requires that an individual is Medical Assistance eligible.

RFFC (Receptive by Feature, Function, or Class)

Following instructions to identify something by being given a description of the item. For example, the speaker says Show me the one with the tail and the listener points to a picture of a dog.

Routines-Based Early Intervention

A systematic approach to infant and toddler service delivery that is individualized to accommodate the child’s skills and preferences within daily routines. The focus of this approach is the interaction between caregiver and child within these daily routines.