Blind - Visual Impairment

Expanded Core Curriculum (ECC)

  • May 25th, 2011
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The educational needs of students with visual impairments, deaf-blindness, and visual and multiple disabilities extend far beyond academic learning and the general education core curriculum. For these students to be successful and as independent as possible, they must
be specifically and purposefully taught the body of knowledge and skills that typically developing children gather incidentally through vision. This body of knowledge is referred to as the expanded core curriculum (ECC). The ECC addresses areas that are needed to achieve and maintain a healthy and active life as well as to level the playing field. The ECC should be used as a framework for assessing students, planning individual goals, and providing instruction. All areas of the ECC can be addressed by the child’s Individualized Education Program (IEP) team, which typically includes a teacher of students with visual impairments (TVI) and/or an orientation and mobility (O&M) specialist.

Pennsylvania’s Approach to the National Agenda for Children and Youths with Visual Impairments, Deafblindness, and Visual and Multiple Disabilities – Goal 8 – Curricular Needs Publication

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  • Doug Williams
    Assistive Technology, Deaf-Blind, Blind/Visual Impairment (VI), IDEA and Chapter 14, Project MAX
  • Jennifer Edgar
    Deaf-Blind, Blind/Visual Impairment (VI), PDE Annual Conference
  • Lynn Fox
    Deaf-Blind, Blind/Visual Impairment (VI), Students with Complex Support Needs, Project MAX
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