Problems Solving Part 2: Schema-Based Instruction

by Bob Shields

A schema is ‘a diagrammatic presentation.’ Schema-based instruction can support struggling students to logically categorize and solve word problems. Teaching mathematically valid schemas provide students with the skill set to identify the underlying mathematical structure of a word problem. Armed with this conceptual understanding, students can make informed decisions when solving word problems.

While there are slight variations on the subgrouping of schema, Sarah Powell organizes the structures as follows:

Dr. Paul Riccomini has presentations archived on the PaTTAN website and co-authored Chapter 3 Developing Mathematical Problem Solving through Strategic Instruction: Much More Than a Keyword as part of the Book Series: Advances in Learning and Behavioral Disabilities.
Dr. Sarah Powell at has resources and presentations on Evidence-Based Practices Related to Problem Solving

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